Indonesia is aiming to double gas production over the next 10 years to 12,300 million cubic feet per day (mmscfd) as it sets sights on becoming one of the top global gas exporters with major projects in the pipeline.The government’s Upstream Oil and Gas Regulatory Special Task Force (SKK Migas) said in a statement on March 4 that two developments last year “added optimism” to Indonesia’s goal of becoming a leading gas producer. He was referring to the resumption of a stalled gas project at the offshore Masela Block and the discovery of a giant gas reserve at the Sakakemang Block in South Sumatra. However, major oil and gas players told The Jakarta Post that SKKMigas was still in talks with stakeholders over how to achieve the target. Topics : SKKMigas itself has an ambitious oil production target of 1 million barrels per day (bpd) by 2030. The target, which is 1.3 times bigger than last year’s production rate of 746,000 bpd, harks back to the Indonesian oil and gas industry’s golden age in the 1980s, when oil production was above 1 million bpd and the country was a member of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).In comparison to the SKKMigas target, the General National Energy Planning road map – the regulatory guide for Indonesia’s energy transition – projects oil and gas production rates to reach a much lower 667 bpd and 5,808 mmscfd respectively by 2030. Last year’s production rates were higher than the two figures.Furthermore, Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry data shows that oil and gas investments to Indonesia last year fell 7 percent short of the US$13.4 billion annual target.Nevertheless, Indonesia is developing two new LNG facilities that will enable higher LNG exports. Aside from Inpex’s Masela plant, British Petroleum (BP) is developing the Tangguh Train 3 in West Papua, which is expected to produce 3.8 million tons of LNG each year. The two facilities would double Indonesia’s LNG production capacity to 33.1 million tons each year by 2027.SKKMigas noted that, of the total 2,025 billion British thermal (Bbtu) units of LNG piped in Indonesia last year, 508 Bbtu was sold domestically and 1,417 Bbtu was exported, mostly to China, Japan, South Korea, Thailand and Taiwan. “Asia is expected to remain the dominant region [for long-term LNG demand] in the decades to come, with South and Southeast Asia generating more than half of the increased demand,” Dutch energy giant Shell wrote in its latest LNG Outlook report. In May 2019, Indonesia concluded an 18-year negotiation with Japan’s Inpex Corp over developing a liquefied natural gas (LNG) plant in Masela, which will produce 9.5 million tons of LNG each year. Four months later, Spain’s Repsol announced the discovery of an estimated 2 trillion cubic feet (tcf) gas reserve in Sakakemang – the third-largest discovery in the Asia-Pacific last year.SKKMigas head Dwi Soetjipto said in the statement that the gas would be used “to improve the competitiveness of domestic industries and to create an opportunity for Indonesia to once again become a leading LNG supplier to the world”.Read also: Oil and gas players dedicate 2019 for the long-haul Boosting domestic gas production and exports is one of Indonesia’s many strategies to turn around the country’s gaping oil and gas trade deficit that remains a key vulnerability. The deficit reached $1.18 billion in January, up 2.8 times from the previous year, Statistics Indonesia (BPS) data show.“The vision of 12,300 mmscfd by 2030 is a challenging one, and it will require considerable effort, collaboration and investment on the part of the industry and the government to achieve this,” said Gary Selbie, country manager for Premier Oil Indonesia, the country’s seventh-largest gas producer last year, on March 6.He said industry stakeholders had conducted preliminary discussions on meeting the goal. They also planned several meetups in the coming months to create a detailed road map to help achieve the target.Indonesian Petroleum Association (IPA) executive director Marjolijn “Meity” Wajong told the Post on March 7 that SKKMigas had not yet engaged with the IPA over the plan but that it would do so in the near future.“Basically, we welcome the plan to increase production as long as we can figure out how to ensure good project economics,” she said.Read also: Indonesia projects lower oil and gas production amid low investment
Share HealthInternationalLifestylePrint Walnuts ‘improve sperm health’ by: – August 16, 2012 Could two handfuls of walnuts a day keep the fertility doctor away?Eating around two handfuls of walnuts a day improves sperm health in young men, a study in the journal Biology of Reproduction suggests.Sperm shape, movement and vitality improved in men who added walnuts to their diet over 12 weeks.The fatty acids found in these nuts are thought to have helped sperm development. It is not known if this would help improve male fertility. About one in six couples are infertile, with 40% of these due to a male factor. Dr Allan Pacey, senior lecturer in andrology at the University of Sheffield said: “It would be relatively easy to poke fun at studies like this, but there is increasing evidence to show that aspects of a man’s diet can affect the number and quality of sperm produced by his testicles.”The researchers say the next step is to work with couples who are attending infertility clinics to determine if placing sub-fertile men, with poor semen quality, on a walnut diet results in better success conceiving. It is thought that infertility in men may be a result of too few sperm being made, or that the sperm have poor swimming ability, size or shape. Walnut supplementThis study involved 117 men between the ages of 21 and 35, who were divided into two groups. One group added 2.6 ounces (75 grams) of whole-shelled walnuts to their daily diet. The other group continued their usual diet but avoided eating tree nuts. Both groups ate a typical Western-style diet.Lead author, Prof Wendie Robbins from UCLA’s Fielding School of Public Health said: “We found a significant improvement in sperm parameters in the group that consumed the walnuts.Healthy sperm“The men who ate no tree nuts saw no change.”Sperm quality improved in terms of concentration, vitality, movement, shape and chromosome abnormalities.Dr Pacey said: “The study has been well executed and my only criticism would be that the men in the walnut-eating arm of the trial could have altered other aspects of their behaviour to give the results shown in the paper. “A better trial would be to produce tablets of walnut extract that looked identical to a placebo so that the study was completely blind. “In spite of this, the results of the study show a small but statistically significant improvement in sperm health.”These benefits may be down to the fatty acids in the nuts. Co-author Catherine Carpenter, from the UCLA Centre for Human Nutrition said: “Walnuts provide a particularly rich source of a-linolenic acid, a natural plant source of omega-3, which we suspect may have been responsible for the improvements we observed.”The walnuts for the study were supplied by the California Walnut Commission and the study was funded by the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health’s Centre for Occupational and Environmental Health.BBC News Share Tweet 12 Views no discussions Share Sharing is caring!
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