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Pigweed pollen

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first_imgBy Brad HaireUniversity of GeorgiaSpringtime tree pollen covers much of Georgia now. Lynn Sosnoskie plans to track a different kind of pollen this summer, one that has the potential to spread the worst thing to hit Georgia cotton in decades.Sosnoskie, a post doctoral research associate with the University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, will run experiments in cotton fields, greenhouses and laboratories to learn more about the pollen released by Palmar amaranth, a nasty plant commonly called pigweed. She wants to know how much pollen a pigweed plant produces, when it produces it, what it looks like, how far the pollen flies, how long it is viable and how weather affects it. The cotton industry wants answers because inside some of those tiny pollen grains is a genetic trait that could force Georgia farmers to change the way they grow cotton, or force them to stop growing it.“There isn’t much literature out there on anything like this. We’re pretty much making it as we go,” she said.Farmers in some areas can no longer kill pigweed with glyphosate, a popular herbicide sold under the brand name Roundup. It’s the one weed they didn’t want to develop resistance to glyphosate. It can grow several inches per day and be the size of a small tree in a few months. It steals nutrients away from cotton plants and can clog cotton harvesters. In 1997, farmers started planting cotton that was developed to stay healthy when sprayed with Roundup. They could spray the herbicide over the top of this cotton, killing weeds but not the cotton. Virtually all Georgia cotton grown now is “Roundup Ready” because it saves farmers time and money.In 2004, rumors of resistant weeds started popping up. In 2005, it was confirmed: Georgia was the first place in the world to have glyphosate-resistant pigweed. Since then, it has been confirmed in 18 south-central Georgia counties. North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee and Arkansas have confirmed it, too.Palmar amaranth pollen is dimpled much like a golf ball, which is designed to travel long distances, Sosnoskie said.“Because Palmar amaranth is wind pollinated,” she said, “this trait has the potential to spread beyond a single farm or county. It’s not just one person’s problem. It’s everyone’s problem.”Sosnoskie will take the information she collects (she already has two-year’s worth) and make mathematical models. The models can be used to show problem spots. Models can also show where it could spread and how. The Georgia cotton industry must catch up and try to stay ahead of this growing issue, said Stanley Culpepper, a CAES weed specialist. He has compared the pigweed problem to the boll weevil. That little pest crippled cotton production in the Southeast in the mid-1900s. It continued to be a problem until a multimillion-dollar eradication program started in 1987 stopped the pest in 1994. “This issue is not going away,” Culpepper said. “This research will be a key in helping get answers and provide growers and the industry ways to control its spread.”last_img read more

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Governor Douglas, Treasurer Spaulding Announce Triple-A Bond Rating

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first_imgFor Immediate Release:Monday, February 05, 2007 Jason GibbsGovernor’sCommunications Director109 State Street ¨ The Pavilion ¨ Montpelier,VT 05609-0101 ¨ www.vermont.gov/governor(link is external)Telephone: 802.828.3333 ¨ Fax: 802.828.3339 ¨ TDD: 802.828.3345 Governor Douglas said Vermont,which has not had a triple-A rating from Moody’s since 1972, is now oneof only 11 states with a triple-A rating by one or more of the major creditrating agencies.  ### GovernorDouglas, Treasurer Spaulding Announce Triple-A Bond Rating Contacts:  Treasurer Jeb Spaulding, (802)828–1452Jason Gibbs, Office of the Governor, (802) 828-3333 Moody’s draft statement announcing the upgrade credited Vermont’s historyof financial management, our manageable debt profile – including ongoingefforts to properly fund our pension systems – and a stable, diversifyingeconomy. According to State Treasurer Spaulding, “The triple-A rating canbe expected to reduce the State’s borrowing costs and, over the years,save taxpayers millions of dollars in interest costs that can be better spenton pressing needs or returned to taxpayers.  In addition, this will enhance oureconomic development efforts because companies are attracted to states with areputation for solid and stable financial management.” “While we celebrate this important milestone, we must remindourselves what it took to get here and what it will take to stay here,”the Governor added.  “We must continue to maintain our commitment tofiscal responsibility and conservative debt management.” v\:* {behavior:url(#default#VML);}o\:* {behavior:url(#default#VML);}w\:* {behavior:url(#default#VML);}.shape {behavior:url(#default#VML);}st1\:*{behavior:url(#default#ieooui) }JAMES H. DOUGLAS            GOVERNOR Montpelier, Vt. – Governor Jim Douglas and State Treasurer JebSpaulding today announced Moody’s Investor Services has upgraded Vermont’s bond ratingto triple-A, the highest credit worthiness rating available. “A higher rating makes our bonds more attractive to investors,lowers our costs and saves taxpayer money,” the Governor said. “Gettingto this point has required a tremendous amount of cooperation and planning by boththe executive and legislative branches.  It also required a healthy dose ofgood old-fashioned Vermontfrugality.” State of VermontOFFICE OF THE GOVERNORlast_img read more

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Different Strokes: Bellyak founder Adam Masters picks his go-to gear

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first_imgAstral Layla | $135This is a women’s jacket, but it’s perfect for Bellyaking because it has a nice flat front, which is key for paddling prone. You don’t want a PFD with a lot of bulk up front.Allbirds Wool Runners | $95Most outdoor shoes are made with unsustainable, often toxic materials. Allbirds does things differently: they make simple, comfortable shoes with a durable, water-resistant merino wool upper, recycled laces, and castor-bean-oil cushioning in their insoles. Your feet and your conscience will feel good in these shoes.Tigerlight D.A.D. (Defense Alert Device) | $130DAD is always looking out for you: in this case, DAD is a handheld multi-use protection tool that has the ability to spray a unique chemical deterrent that had a documented 96% stop rate and sends Bluetooth danger alerts with your exact location. The alerts can be lifesaving in the event of an attack or if you hurt yourself and are stuck somewhere. The lightweight device also has a multi-mode flashlight and convenient hand strap that allows the device to always be in hand and ready to use.Lorpen T3 Trail Running Ultra Light Socks | $15With separate layers of fibers that work together for comfort, support, and moisture management. The T3 sock is perfect for running in any season, keeping feet dry, comfortable, and blister-free. Adam Masters was born into kayaking. His father, Bill Masters, founded Perception Kayaks in the ‘70s and had a large hand in taking the sport mainstream thanks to Perception’s affordable plastic boats. Adam has been kayaking all his life, but in the last several years, he’s made his own contribution to the world of paddlesports by developing the Bellyak, a kayak you paddle while lying down.“I got into hand paddling in 2004 and loved the connection with the river,” Adam says. “I wondered what it would be like to lay on top of my kayak and paddle like I was swimming through the river.”Masters took an old Perception, cut it up and filled it with spray foam and duct tape to make his first prototype. It was 85 pounds and tough to handle, but he was hooked. “All of the rivers I’d been on forever became a completely new experience. It was super fun.”Fast forward 14 years and that original prototype has evolved into Bellyak, a niche sport that’s introducing thousands of people to whitewater. “A lot of people come to me who always wanted to kayak but never learned because they were scared of the roll,” Adam says. “With the Bellyak, you can run class II or III whitewater and you’re never stuck inside a boat under water. It increases the reward without increasing the risk.”Astral HiyakAstral Hiyak | $115Astrals are great and I really love this high top river shoe. We’re actually in the water, standing in eddies and moving around in the current, so good foot protection is crucial.Sweet Protection The Rocker | $250This helmet fits really well, offers bombproof protection and doesn’t impede my visibility. You take face hits a lot when you’re in a Bellyak. You don’t want your helmet to push back on your head.Bellyak Play 35 | $729My favorite is the Play 35. I love them all. But it’s the most high performance. Really light, super responsive. I can throw it around. It performs well on a wave, great for river running. If you want something more stable, but still good for river running, size up to the Play 45.NRS Radiant 3/2 Wetsuit | $230This might be my favorite piece of gear. I’m in the water constantly, and we’re wet the whole time, so depending on the air/water temp combo, a wetsuit might be necessary.last_img read more

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Religious women use contraception regularly, report says

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first_img Share 28 Views   no discussions FaithLifestyle Religious women use contraception regularly, report says by: – April 14, 2011 Share Most sexually active women use contraception, regardless of their religious beliefs, says a report from the Guttmacher Institute, an organization working to advance reproductive and sexual health  in the U.S. and worldwide.“Regardless of religious affiliation, the majority of women use highly effective contraception methods, so any efforts to restrict access to these methods is going to impact these populations,” said Rachel K. Jones, the lead author.The report was based on a U.S. government survey that represented the nation. The data came from 2006-2008 interviews of over 7,000 women aged 15-44.It found that 69% of sexually active women from any denomination were using highly effective birth control methods including sterilization, the pill or other hormonal method, or an intrauterine device (IUD). In addition, almost all have reported contraceptive use at some point, a figure that is similar among Catholic women.Another key finding was that 68% of Catholics use one of the highly effective methods, but only 2% rely on natural family planning. That number is comparable to 73% of Mainline Protestants and 74% of Evangelicals.“A lot of times, religion is either not associated with contraception at all, or, in the case of the Catholic church, being against contraception.” Jones added. “In the real world, women who have religious beliefs and who attend church also use contraception.”In addition, male or female sterilization was most common in the Evangelical church; more than four in 10 women of this denomination use the method.And marital status did not change things.“Across religious denominations, married women are using highly effective contraceptive methods,” she said.Said Cecile Richards, president of Planned Parenthood Federation of America, “These findings show yet again that birth control is a common practice — and a common need — for women of different faiths and backgrounds.“As Congress considers yet another effort to bar Planned Parenthood from providing family planning services through federal health programs, it should listen to the message these findings convey.”CNN Newscenter_img Share Tweet Sharing is caring!last_img read more

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The Latest: Awaiting test result, Cubs’ Ross skips workout

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first_imgThe Latest: Awaiting test result, Cubs’ Ross skips workout Associated Press The team says five other Tier 1 individuals also missed the workout for the same reason. Tier 1, according to baseball’s 2020 operations manual, includes players and other on-field personnel.“Out of an abundance of caution, we think it makes sense for the six of us to wait for clarity,” Ross said in a release. “Situations like this have not been a worrisome indicator of a positive test result to date.”The Cubs say there should be “further clarity” later in the day.___The Atlantic Coast Conference has postponed its virtual Football Kickoff media event. July 13, 2020 More AP sports: https://apnews.com/apf-sports and https://twitter.com/AP_Sports The league says the event to preview each teams’ prospects heading into fall training camp is delayed until further notice. The three-day event was originally scheduled to be held beginning July 21.The ACC says future decisions and announcements will take place “at the appropriate time.”___The Patriot League has joined the Ivy League in canceling fall sports, including football, because of the COVID-19 pandemic.The Division I conference says it has still not determined whether winter and spring sports competition will be held and that it will consider holding fall sports in the second semester. The Ivy League made a similar announcement last week. The Patriot League is the first conference in the Football Championship Subdivision that competes in the Football Bowl Subdivision’s playoffs to suspend its season. Army and Navy compete in the Patriot League in many sports, including basketball, but not in football. The Patriot League said Army and Navy are exempt from the fall sports cancellation, which also includes women’s soccer and volleyball.Athletes will be permitted to practice and train with coaches and in team facilities “provided health and safety conditions support such activities,” the conference said.___Swiss soccer club Zurich says it will field an under-21 team to try to save the season from being canceled because the first-team is isolating at home.Zurich’s game on Saturday was postponed because multiple players and staff tested positive for the coronavirus. The club says it will play Tuesday against third-place Basel by selecting young players from its backup roster.Zurich also has to play title contender Young Boys and St. Gallen and says it wanted to avoid the league being annulled.The 10 teams are already playing in midweek and on weekends to finish the season on Aug. 2 and meet a UEFA deadline for European competition entries. It is unclear when Zurich can play a re-scheduled game against Sion.Zurich is in sixth place but in contention to earn a Europa League entry by finishing fourth.___ Share This StoryFacebookTwitteremailPrintLinkedinRedditThe Latest on the effects of the coronavirus outbreak on sports around the world:___Chicago Cubs manager David Ross is skipping the team’s Monday morning workout because he is awaiting his completed result from his Saturday coronavirus test.last_img read more

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