By Gary WadeUniversity of GeorgiaJust a glimpse of the bright, true-blue flowers of perennialplumbago and it will be love at first sight. It’s easy to see whythe Georgia Plant Selections Committee chose this durable,gorgeous flowering groundcover as the 2006 Georgia Gold Medalwinner for herbaceous perennials. Perennial plumbago (Ceratostigma plumbaginoides) growsjust 6 to 10 inches tall and spreads 1 to 2 feet wide. It’s agreat choice for filling spaces between shrubs, creeping overrocks in a rock garden, adding a splash of blue to the perennialborder or spilling over walls.Drought and deer tolerance and a long bloom period are otheroutstanding qualities of this award-winning plant.BackgroundPerennial plumbago, also called leadwort, belongs to a group ofdeciduous perennials and shrubs from eastern Africa and Asia. It’s a semiwoody, mat-forming perennial that spreads by rhizomes,or shallow underground stems. It thrives in hardiness zones 5 to9.The plant dies back to the ground each year. Then it leafs outlate in the spring. So, plant it where it won’t get damaged byearly spring cultivation.The late spring green-up makes perennial plumbago an excellentplant for interplanting with spring-flowering bulbs. Its leaveswill be emerging just as the foliage of the bulbs is dying back.When they emerge, the shiny green leaves are up to 2 inches long.They turn bronze-red in the fall.True-bluePerennial plumbago’s medium-blue flowers resemble those ofwoodland phlox. They emerge in terminal clusters in late summerand continue to emerge until the fall frost. It’s anexceptionally long bloom period. Each flower is one-half tothree-quarters of an inch across and has five petals.The plant prefers a sunny site. But it will tolerate someafternoon shade. Once you get it established, it’s quitedrought-tolerant. Plant it in the spring so you’ll be sure to getit established before the summer bloom. The spring planting willenable it to become hardier next winter, too.Fertilize perennial plumbago lightly in the spring and again inearly summer, if you need to encourage more rapid cover. Waituntil new leaves emerge to prune out any dead wood from theprevious season.Summer cuttings, spring division, root cuttings and seeds are allcommon methods used to propagate the plant. And you’ll want moreof this Georgia Gold Medal winner.(Gary Wade is a Cooperative Extension horticulturist with theUniversity of Georgia College of Agricultural and EnvironmentalSciences.) Volume XXXINumber 1Page 21
World Bank’s Haiti strategy for 2012 focuses on disaster management, infrastructure, education and jobsPosted on by
Image via: topnews.inWASHINGTON, USA — The World Bank board of directors on Thursday endorsed a new 12-month strategy for Haiti that will help protect the country’s population from natural disasters, support the return of 22,500 people to safe housing, improve neighborhoods for 75,000 people, finance tuition for 100,000 children and school feeding for 75,000 children. In addition, the strategy aims to revitalize the economy, improve conditions for investment, and strengthen the productivity and sustainability of agriculture and rural development. The 2012 Haiti Interim Strategy Note (ISN) programs US$255 million in grants from the International Development Association’s (IDA) Crisis Response Window.“The new interim strategy underlines the World Bank’s commitment to Haiti’s ongoing reconstruction and longer-term economic recovery efforts,” said Pamela Cox, World Bank vice president for Latin America and the Caribbean. “The strategy is closely aligned with the Government’s priorities and designed to provide substantial support for physical reconstruction and institutional strengthening in order to deliver concrete short-term results, while increasing the country’s capacity to rebuild itself.”The ISN lays out the World Bank Group’s program for the next year and includes the following additional results:• Greater resilience to natural disasters and other crises (such as cholera) through improved performance of national institutions and infrastructure. • Improvements in the business environment and the launching of investments that will create jobs outside of the capital. • Improved public procurement, transparency and financial management.As part of the ISN’s envelope, the board of directors approved US$180 million on Thursday for the following three projects:Education for All (US$70 million) • 175,000 children to benefit• 8,000 student-teachers to be trainedThe second phase of the Education for All Project will support Haiti’s strategy for rebuilding the education system by increasing access to primary education for poor children aged 6-12 and improving equity and quality of the education sector. The project will benefit a total of 175,000 Haitian children.In peri-urban areas, the project will allow about 100,000 students per year in approximately 1,200 schools to attend school free of charge, while 75,000 children will receive hot meals in school every day. In addition, 8,280 student-teachers will benefit from accelerated teacher training, resulting in thousands of additional qualified primary teachers.For those children living in rural areas without access to primary education services, the project’s community-based approach will reach 6,250 students in 200 communities, and generate an estimated 36,000 spaces for students in the coming years.Disaster Risk Management (US$60 million)The US$60 million Disaster Risk Management and Reconstruction Project will help Haiti improve its disaster response capacity and enhance the resiliency of critical transport infrastructure. Haiti ranks as one of the countries with the highest exposure to multiple natural hazards, with 96 percent of its population living at risk.Following the January 2010 earthquake, the Bank helped to restore critical capacities for recovery and planning of disaster-resilient reconstruction. This project will further strengthen the country’s capacity for disaster preparedness and response through the following activities:• Support the National Disaster Risk Management by strengthening the national network of civil protection committees, setting up a reliable emergency communications system, and expanding the national emergency shelter network.• Strengthen the capacity of key ministries to integrate knowledge on disaster risk in policy and decision making processes.• Rehabilitate vulnerable and damaged critical transport infrastructure.Re-launching Agriculture (US$50 million)• 50,000 producers to benefit The third project approved onThursday for US$50 million, including US$10 million co-financing from the Global Agriculture and Food Security Program Trust Fund (GAFSP), supports Haiti’s National Agriculture Investment Plan to increase the productivity and competitiveness of the agriculture sector, while improving food security and nutrition among the most vulnerable groups. Agriculture plays a dominant role in Haiti’s economy, contributing 25 percent of GDP and accounting for around 50 percent of overall employment.Specifically, the project will:• Strengthen the capacity of the Ministry of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Rural Development (MARNDR) to implement the National Agriculture Extension Strategy.• Increase access of 50,000 small and medium producers to the latest in agriculture technologies and training on animal and plant health throughout the country.• Provide financial assistance in the case of an agriculture sector emergency.The devastating earthquake, which struck Haiti on January 12, 2010, significantly worsened the poverty and living conditions of the Haitian population and exacerbated the country’s development challenges. Over 220,000 people were killed and 300,000 wounded. The disaster brought the entire economy to a halt, wiping out an estimated 120 percent of GDP. The economy is projected to grow by 7.5 percent in 2011 in large part due to reconstruction efforts.Despite weak capacity, much has been done. Four of 11 million m3 of debris have been removed, camp occupancy has dropped from an estimated 1.3 million to around 600,000, schools have reopened for the 2011-2012 school year, and capacity to prepare for hurricanes has been strengthened as demonstrated by the limited impacts of Hurricane Tomas in October 2010 and the preparation of the 2011 hurricane season.Caribbean News Now Tweet Share Share Sharing is caring! Share 9 Views no discussions NewsRegional World Bank’s Haiti strategy for 2012 focuses on disaster management, infrastructure, education and jobs by: – December 2, 2011
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